Hierarchical Multi-label Conditional Random Fields for Aspect-Oriented Opinion Mining

Marcheggiani, Diego and Täckström, Oscar and Esuli, Andrea and Sebastiani, Fabrizio (2014) Hierarchical Multi-label Conditional Random Fields for Aspect-Oriented Opinion Mining. In: 36th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2014 Proceedings, 13-16 April 2014, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


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A common feature of many online review sites is the use of an overall rating that summarizes the opinions expressed in a review. Unfortunately, these document-level ratings do not provide any information about the opinions contained in the review that concern a specific aspect (e.g., cleanliness) of the product being reviewed (e.g., a hotel). In this paper we study the finer-grained problem of aspect-oriented opinion mining at the sentence level, which consists of predicting, for all sentences in the review, whether the sentence expresses a positive, neutral, or negative opinion (or no opinion at all) about a specific aspect of the product. For this task we propose a set of increasingly powerful models based on conditional random fields (CRFs), including a hierarchical multi-label CRFs scheme that jointly models the overall opinion expressed in the review and the set of aspect-specific opinions expressed in each of its sentences. We evaluate the proposed models against a dataset of hotel reviews (which we here make publicly available) in which the set of aspects and the opinions expressed concerning them are manually annotated at the sentence level. We find that both hierarchical and multi-label factors lead to improved predictions of aspect-oriented opinions.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:Lecture Notes in Computer Science; 8416
ID Code:5647
Deposited By:Vicki Carleson
Deposited On:10 Apr 2014 15:56
Last Modified:10 Apr 2014 16:13

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