Localization using Anonymous Measurements

Wirström, Niklas and Behboodi, Arash and Lemic, Filip and Wolisz, Adam and Voigt, Thiemo (2015) Localization using Anonymous Measurements. In: The 11th International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems, 2015, June 2015, Fortaleza, Brazil.

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Range-based IEEE 802.15.4 localization systems currently require relatively high anchor density for indoor deployments. It can therefore be beneficial to use external sources of transmission as additional anchors. We present methods for using WiFi beacons to improve localization accuracy of a range-based IEEE 802.15.4 localization system in cases where only two IEEE 802.15.4 anchor nodes are available. We do this by identifying WiFi beacons from RSSI traces that we dynamically sample online, and applying fingerprinting and range-based methods using the RSSI values of the identified beacons. However, because the data of the WiFi traffic is not decodable by the IEEE 802.15.4 devices, these RSSI measurements lack identifiers that can associate them to specific WiFi Access Points (APs). Therefore, novel methods are required for both fingerprinting and range-based approaches to allow for these additional WiFi APs to be used as anchors. We show by using real-world measurements that our beacon identification method gives a false-positive rate of only 3%, and that if the range measurements to the IEEE 802.15.4 anchors are relatively accurate, with a standard deviation of 1 and 3 m, a localization accuracy improvement of 47% and 24% can be gained, respectively.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
ID Code:5859
Deposited By:Niklas Wirstrom
Deposited On:12 Jun 2015 15:12
Last Modified:10 Aug 2016 15:02

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